Bruce E. Baker
School of History, Classics and Archaeology
Newcastle upon Tyne
+44 (0)191 222 3636
Modern U.S. (since 1865)
Modern U.S. South (since 1865)
African American History & Culture
Ph.D. December 2003, History, University of North Carolina
M.A. August 1995, Folklore, University of North Carolina
- dissertation: "Devastated by Passion and Belief: Remembering Reconstruction in the Twentieth-Century South" (directed by Jacquelyn Dowd Hall)
B.A. December 1992, English, Clemson University
- thesis: "Lynching Ballads in North Carolina" (directed by Daniel W. Patterson)
B.A. December 1992, Philosophy, Clemson University
2013 Fall - present, Lecturer in American History, Newcastle University
2008 Spring - 2013 Fall, Senior Lecturer in United States History, Royal Holloway, University of London
2004 Fall - 2008 Spring, Lecturer in United States History, Royal Holloway, University of London
2004 Spring, Instructor, Department of History, University of Wisconsin-Superior
2003 Fall, Teaching Fellow, Department of History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1996-1999, adjunct instructor of English, Trident Technical College, Charleston, S.C.
1996 Spring, adjunct instructor, Department of English, University of North Carolina-Charlotte
1995-1998, freelance folklorist working in Kentucky, North Carolina, and South Carolina
1995-1996, adjunct instructor, Department of English, York County Technical College, Rock Hill, S.C.
2011-2012 Royal Holloway College Teaching Prize
2006-2007 Royal Holloway College Teaching Prize
2000-2003 Dolores Zohrab Liebmann Fellow
1999-2000 Andrew W. Mellon Fellow in Humanistic Studies
1993-1994 Merit Assistantship, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1993 Winner of Roger Rollin Undergraduate Essay Contest, Clemson University
1991-1992 Outstanding Student in Philosophy, Clemson University
1988-1992 R. F. Poole Scholar, Clemson University
January 2013, "Rat Proofing the Gulf Coast: Bubonic Plague, Public Health, and Urban Life in New Orleans, 1914-1915," RHUL Research Strategy Fund,
June 2006, "After Slavery: Race, Labour and Politics in the Post-Emancipation Carolinas," Arts and Humanities Research Council Research Grant, £209,439
(in collaboration with Brian Kelly, Queen's University Belfast, and Susan E. O'Donovan, University of Memphis)
June 2006, "This Mob Will Surely Take My Life: Lynchings in the Carolinas, 1871-1947," British Academy Small Research Grant, £4075
October 2005, ""From New York to the New South: Hiram F. Hover's Analysis of Race and Class, 1885-1889," British Academy Overseas Conference
Grant, Southern Historical Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, £400
The Cotton Kings: Capitalism and Corruption in Turn-Of-The-Century New York and New Orleans, co-authored with Barbara Hahn (New York: Oxford
University Press, 2015)
This Mob Will Surely Take My Life: Lynching in the Carolinas, 1871-1947 (New York and London: Continuum, 2008).
What Reconstruction Meant: Historical Memory in the American South (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2007; paperback 2010).
Remembering Reconstruction: Struggles Over the Meaning of America's Most Tumultuous Era, edited by Bruce E. Baker and Carole Emberton
(Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, forthcoming 2017)
The South at Work: Observations from 1904, by William Garrott Brown, edited with an introduction by Bruce E. Baker,
Southern Classics Series (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2014)
After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South, edited by Bruce E. Baker and
Brian Kelly (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2013).
"Drovers, Distillers, and Democrats: Economic and Political Change in Northern Greenville County, 1865 -1878," in Bruce E. Baker and Brian Kelly,
eds., After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South (Gainesville: University Press of Florida,
"'The First Anarchist That Ever Came To Atlanta': Hiram F. Hover from New York to the New South" in Chris Green, Rachel Rubin, and James Smethurst, eds.,
Radicalism in the South Since Reconstruction (New York: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2006), 39-56.
"Under the Rope: Lynching and Memory in Laurens County, South Carolina," in W. Fitzhugh Brundage, ed., Where These Memories Grow: History, Memory,
and Southern Identity (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000), 319-346.
"North Carolina Lynching Ballads," in W. Fitzhugh Brundage, ed., Under Sentence of Death: Lynching in the South (Chapel Hill: University of
North Carolina Press, 1997), 219-246.
"Why North Carolinians are Tar Heels: A New Explanation," Southern Cultures 21:4 (Winter 2015): 81-94.
"The Growth of Towns after the Civil War and the Casualization of Black Labor, 1865-1880," Tennessee Historical Quarterly 72:4 (Winter 2013):
"Picking Blackberries and Getting By after the Civil War," Southern Cultures 16:4 (Winter 2010): 21-40.
"How W. E. B. Du Bois Won the United Daughters of the Confederacy Essay Contest," Southern Cultures (Spring 2009): 69-81.
"Lynch Law Reversed: The Rape of Lula Sherman, the Lynching of Manse Waldrop, and the Debate Over Lynching in the 1880s," American Nineteenth Century
History 6:3 (September 2005): 273-293. Reprinted in William D. Carrigan, ed., Lynching Reconsidered: New Perspectives in the Study of Mob Violence
(New York: Routledge, 2007).
"The Death of Emma Hartsell," Southern Cultures (Spring 2003): 82-91.
"The 'Hoover Scare' in South Carolina, 1887: An Attempt to Organize Black Farm Labor" Labor History 40:3 (August 1999): 261-282.
"This Historian Has Some Advice for Bernie", on History News Network, 29 November 2015
"How the Federal Government Saved New Orleans from Disaster a Century Ago" on We're History, 2 April 2015
"The Government Shutdown Affected Agriculture, Too", on History News Network, 4 November 2013
"Ku Klux Klan, First" in Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Entries on "Violence in White Song," "Violence and Memory," and "Social Class and Memory" in New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, vol. 19 and 20
(Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011-2012).
"What's the Matter With South Carolina?" Government Gazette (September 2010): 153.
Entries on "Grace Lumpkin" and "Katharine Du Pre Lumpkin" in Joseph M. Flora and Amber Vogel, eds., Southern Writers: A New Biographical Directory
(Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006).
Contributor to Richard Zuczek, ed., The Greenwood Encyclopedia of the Reconstruction Era (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2006).
Contributor to Walter Edgar, ed., The South Carolina Encyclopedia (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2006).
Contributor to William S. Powell, ed., North Carolina Handbook (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2006).
Review of David W. Blight, American Oracle: The Civil War in the Civil Rights Era, Journal of Southern History 79:1 (Feb. 2013): 228.
Review of Michael J. Pfeiffer, The Roots of Rough Justice: Origins of American Lynching, American Historical Review 116:5 (Dec. 2011): 1476-1477.
Review of Claude A. Clegg III, Troubled Ground: A Tale of Murder, Lynching, and Reckoning in the New South, Florida Historical Quarterly
90:3 (Winter 2012): 375-377.
Review of Gregory P. Downs, Declarations of Dependence: The Long Reconstruction of Popular Politics in the South, 1861-1908, H-SHGAPE, September 2011. URL:
"Memory and the War: A Civil War Sesquicentennial Review," Tennessee Historical Quarterly 70:1 (Spring 2001): 52-59.
Review of Kimberly Harper, White Man's Heaven: The Lynching and Expulsion of Blacks in the Southern Ozarks, 1894-1909, Elder Mountain: A Journal
of Ozarks Studies 3 (2011): 123-126.
Review of Andrew L. Slap, ed., Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War's Aftermath, American Historical Review 116:2 (Apr. 2011): 456-457.
Review of Kevern Verney and Lee Sartain, eds., Long Is the Way and Hard: One Hundred Years of the NAACP, Journal of American Studies
Review of Mark Wahlgren Summers, A Dangerous Stir: Fear, Paranoia, and the Making of Reconstruction, Register of the Kentucky Historical
Review of Benjamin Ginsberg, Moses of South Carolina: A Jewish Scalawag During Radical Reconstruction, Register of the Kentucky Historical
Society 108:1&2 (Winter/Spring 2010): 143-144.
Review of William A. Blair and Karen Fisher Younger, eds., Lincoln's Proclamation: Emancipation Reconsidered, Slavery and Abolition 32:1
(March 2011): 163-164.
Review of Rod Andrew, Jr., Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer, Civil War History 56:3 (Sept. 2010): 314-315.
Review of James J. Lorence, The Unemployed People's Movement: Leftists, Liberals, and Labor in Georgia, 1929-1941, Labor 7:3
(Fall 2010): 114-116.
Review of Caroline E. Janney, Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause, American Nineteenth Century
History 11:2 (June 2010): 267-268.
Review of Crystal N. Feimster, Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching, Journal of American History 97:1 (June 2010):
Review of Janet G. Hudson, Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-Era South Carolina, American Historical Review 114:5 (Dec. 2009):
Review of Rebecca N. Hill, Men, Mobs, and Law: Anti-Lynching and Labor Defense in U.S. Radical History, Left History 14:1 (2009): 120-121.
Review of Jessica Adams, Wounds of Returning: Race, Memory, and Property on the Postslavery Plantation, Slavery and Abolition 30:1 (Mar. 2009):
Review of Bruce W. Eelman. Entrepreneurs in the Southern Upcountry: Commercial Culture in Spartanburg, South Carolina, 1845-1880, H-Southern-Industry,
November 2008. URL: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=22834.
Review of James Green, Death in the Haymarket: A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement, and the Bombing That Divided Gilded Age America, American
Nineteenth Century History 9:3 (Sept. 2008): 302-03.
Review of Robert Cook, Troubled Commemoration: The American Civil War Centennial, 1961-1965, Journal of Southern History 74:3 (August 2008): 799-800.
Review of John Hammond Moore, Carnival of Blood: Dueling, Lynching, and Murder in South Carolina, 1880-1920, H-Law, H-Net Review, November 2006.
Review of Russell L. Johnson, Warriors into Workers: The Civil War and the Formation of Urban-Industrial Society in a Northern City, H-CivWar, H-NET
Review, September 2006. URL: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=294881178649189.
Review of Stephanie Yuhl, A Golden Haze of Memory: the Making of Historic Charleston, Journal of Southern History 72:3 (August 2006): 707-08.
Review of Kathleen Ann Clark, Defining Moments: African American Commemoration and Political Culture in the South, 1863-1913, H-South, H-NET Review,
Review of Franny Nudelman, John Brown's Body: Slavery, Violence, and the Culture of War, Slavery and Abolition 27:1 (April 2006): 146-48.
Review of Glenn Feldman, The Disfranchisement Myth: Poor Whites and Suffrage Restriction in Alabama, Journal of American Studies 40:1 (2006):
Review of W. Scott Poole, Never Surrender: Confederate Memory and Conservatism in the South Carolina Upcountry, Florida Historical Quarterly
83:3 (Winter 2005):343-45.
Review of Thomas C. Buchanan, Black Life on the Mississippi: Slaves, Free Blacks, and the Western Steamboat World, H-South, H-Net Reviews, April 2005.
Review of Jonathan Markovitz, Legacies of Lynching: Racial Violence and Memory, H USA, H Net Reviews, September, 2004.
URL: http://www.h net.org/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=56711097864116.
Review of Christopher Waldrep, The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America, Law and History Review
22:3 (Summer 2004):664-65.
Exhibition review of "Stony the Road They Trod: Forced Migration of African Americans in the Slave South, 1790-1865," Journal of American History
89:3 (Dec. 2002): 984-86.
Review of David Goldfield, Still Fighting the Civil War: The American South and Southern History, H-South, H-Net Reviews, June, 2002.
Review of David W. Blight, Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory, Southern Cultures (Spring 2002): 109-11.
"The Middle Passage Meets the Computer Age (Review of David Eltis et al., The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: A Database on CD-ROM)," South Carolina
Review 34:1 (Fall 2001):225-26.
"Urban Legends (Review of Jan Harold Brunvand, The Truth Never Stands in the Way of a Good Story," South Carolina Review 33:2 (Spring 2001).
"Folklorists from the Mountains to the Sea Islands (Review of Charles Joyner, Shared Traditions: Southern History and Folk Culture and Loyal Jones, Faith
and Meaning in the Southern Uplands)," South Carolina Review 33:1 (Fall 2000):199-205.
"Peaches and Pictures (Review of Mike Corbin, Family Trees: The Peach Culture of the Piedmont and Jerry W. Cotten, Light and Air: The Photography of
Bayard Wootten)," South Carolina Review 32:2 (Spring 2000):207-11.
"Review of Jane Hicks Gentry: A Singer Among Singers by Betty N. Smith," Journal of American Folklore 113 (Spring 2000): 229-30.
"Review of The Bonny Earl of Murray: The Man, the Murder, the Ballad by Edward D. Ives," Journal of American Folklore 113 (Winter 2000): 104-05.
"The Stink of Magnolia (Review of James Everett Kibler, Our Fathers' Fields)," South Carolina Review 31:2 (Spring 1999): 241 46.
"Boiled Peanuts (Review of John M. Coggeshall, Carolina Piedmont Country and Jody Blake and Jeannette Lasansky, Rural Delivery: Real Photo Postcards
from Central Pennsylvania, 1905-1935)," South Carolina Review 30:2 (Spring 1998): 153 59.
Book reviews for the Charleston (S.C.) Post and Courier, February 1998 - June 1999.
September 2014, "Rat Proofing the Gulf Coast: Bubonic Plague, Public Health, and Urban Life in New Orleans, 1914-1915," British American Nineteenth Century
Historians Annual Conference, Reading.
April 2014, Roundtable on "Where Is the Public History of Reconstruction?" Organization of American Historians Annual Conference, Atlanta, Georgia.
May 2013, "Rat Proofing the Gulf Coast: Bubonic Plague, Public Health, and Urban Life in New Orleans, 1914-1915," Department of American and Canadian Studies Research Seminar, University of Nottingham.
March 2013, "Rings of Trade in the Age of Futures: Cotton Exchanges in Liverpool, New York, and New Orleans, 1870-1914," Business History Conference, Columbus, Ohio.
November 2012, "The SHA and H-SOUTH: The New Southern Destination," Southern Historical Association Annual Meeting, Mobile, Alabama.
April 2012, Commentator on panel "Dark and Bloody: The Politics of Remembering Reconstruction," Organization of American Historians Annual Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
October 2011, "Cornering Cotton: New Orleans Bulls, New York Bears, and the Power of Information," British American Nineteenth Century Historians Annual Conference, Cambridge.
May 2011, "Polanyi in the Piedmont: Peasant Livelihoods in the Reconstruction American South," Department of History Seminar, University of Edinburgh.
November 2010, "The Growth of Greenville and the Casualization of Black Labor, 1865-1880," Southern Historical Association Annual Meeting, Charlotte, North Carolina.
July 2010, "Directions for Post-Emancipation Studies in the American South," Rethinking Post-Slavery Conference, University of Liverpool.
March 2010, Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Post-Emancipation South Conference, Charleston, South Carolina. (organized, chaired, commented)
January 2010, "After Slavery: In the Classroom," Workshop for University Teachers, Senate House, London (organized and presented).
October 2009, "Communities of Memory, Sites of Memory, Music of Memory: How Will New Orleans Remember Katrina?" Moving On: Conference on Memory and Trauma in History, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana.
February 2009, "Browns Ferry Blues: Military Justice, Freedpeople's Testimony, and the Contest Over the End of the Civil War," Research Seminar Series, Marcus Cunliffe Centre for the Study of the American South, University of Sussex.
October 2008, "The Making of the Piedmont Working Class: Reconstruction, Redemption, and Textile Workers, 1865-1885," Wiles Colloquium, Rethinking Reconstruction: Race, Labour and Politics after the American Civil War, Queen's University, Belfast.
May 2008, "'A Foreign Friend Who Taught Me To Appreciate the Past of My Native State': Francis Butler Simkins, Gilberto Freyre, and Transnational Influences on Southern History in the 1920s," Association Française d'Études Américaines, Montpellier, France.
February 2008, "Drovers, Distillers, and Democrats: Economic and Political Change in Northern Greenville County, 1865 -1878," European Social Science History Conference, Lisbon, Portugal.
December 2007, "How W. E. B. Du Bois Won the United Daughters of the Confederacy Essay Contest," American History Colloquium, Queen's University Belfast.
November 2007, "Settling Scores: The Deep Roots of Racial Violence," Social Science History Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois.
October 2007, "After Reconstruction: Struggles over Race and Labor in the Carolinas," British American Nineteenth Century Historians Annual Conference, Cambridge.
September 2007, "Social Memory of Reconstruction in the South during the 1920s," Southern Studies Forum of the European Association for American Studies, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
March 2007, "Reconstruction and Public Memory in Anderson County, South Carolina, 1905-1920," Our Past Before Us: The Search for the South Carolina Upcountry Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.
February 2007, "Reconstruction's Legacy, Disfranchisement, and the Struggle for Voting Rights," America's 400th Anniversary: Voices from within the Veil Conference, Norfolk State University, Norfolk, Virginia.
January 2007, "Folk Culture and Historical Memory in the American South," Memory from Transdisciplinary Perspectives: Agency, Practices, and Mediations conference, Research Centre of Culture and Communication at the University of Tartu, Estonia.
October 2006, "How W. E. B. Du Bois Won the United Daughters of the Confederacy Essay Contest," American History Seminar, Institute for Historical Research, London.
November 2005, "The Returns of the Red Shirts: Historical Memory of the End of Reconstruction in South Carolina," American History Seminar, University of Cambridge.
November 2005, "From New York to the New South: Hiram F. Hover's Analysis of Race and Class, 1885-1889," Southern Historical Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia.
October 2005, "'The First Anarchist That Ever Came to Atlanta': Hiram F. Hover from New York to the New South, 1885-1889," American Studies Seminar, University of Reading.
October 2005, "Reconstruction and Public Memory in Anderson County, South Carolina, 1905-1920," Association of British American Nineteenth Century Historians conference, Cambridge.
January 2005, "No Truly Moderate Position: Katharine Du Pre Lumpkin's Lost Novel and the Southern Front's Vision of Reconstruction," American Studies Research Seminar, University of Sussex.
January 2005, "Refugees From Reconstruction: African American Countermemory in a National Context," at American Historical Association Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington.
October 2004, "Commemorating a Counterrevolution: South Carolina's Red Shirt Reunions in the Early Twentieth Century," Department of History Staff Seminar, Royal Holloway, University of London.
March 2003, "Redefining Reconstruction: The Emergence of Black Voting and the Historical Memory of Reconstruction in South Carolina," at The Citadel Conference on the Civil Rights Movement in South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
January 2003, "Remembering Reconstruction Violence in the Progressive Era," at American Historical Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois.
November 2002, "Following the Gun: Creating Icons of White Supremacy in South Carolina," at American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Houston, Texas.
October 2002, "Lynch Law Reversed: The Lynching of Manse Waldrop," at Lynching and Racial Violence in America: Histories and Legacies, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
October 2000, "Roundtable: A County at the Crossroads: Chatham, North Carolina, 2000," at Oral History Association Annual Meeting, Durham, North Carolina.
March 2000, "Picnic, Parade, and Gender Politics at the 1909 Red Shirt Reunion," at Graduate Student Conference on Southern History, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi.
July 1999, "Some Considerations on the Material Culture of Lynching," at Southern Writers, Southern Writing Conference, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi.
October 1995, "'This Mob Will Surely Take My Life': Meaning in Lynching Ballads," at American Folklore Society Meeting, Lafayette, Louisiana.
October 1994, "Professional Musicians at White Top Folk Festival," at American Folklore Society meeting, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
April 1994, "Place Names and Narrative Knowledge in Brian Friel's Translations," at the Commonwealth and Post Colonial Studies Conference, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia.
2005-2007 , E-Learning Strategy Working Group
2005-2006 , Computer Users Advisory Group
2005-2007 , Web Steering Group
2007-2010 , University and College Union local branch membership secretary
2008-2013 , RHUL Green Team
2008-2013 , Academic Board
2009-2010 , College Website Redesign Group
2010-2013 , E-Learning Users Advisory Group
2011, University and College Union local branch chair
2011-2013 , Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences Research Group
2014-2017 , Degree Programme Director for History and History & Politics
2015- , Vice-President of Newcastle University and College Union
2013-2014 , library liaison for History
2005-2010 , webmaster
2004-2005, Careers Office liaison
2001-2002, co-president of Graduate History Society
2001-2003, graduate student representative on Graduate Studies Committee
2004-2013 , American History Seminar (co-convener), Institute for Historical Research, London.
2007-2014 , List editor for H-SOUTH
2007- , Association of British American Nineteenth Century Historians committee
2010- , Co-editor, American Nineteenth Century History
Reviewed Book Manuscripts and Proposals
Ashgate, Routledge, Sage, University of Illinois Press, Oxford University Press, University of North Carolina Press, University of Arkansas Press
Reviewed Article Manuscripts
Journal of American History, Business History Review, Southern Cultures, Patterns of Prejudice, Civil War History, Journal of American Studies, American Nineteenth Century History, Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Labour History Review
Peer Review of Tenure and Promotion
John Jay College of Criminal Justice--CCNY, University of South Carolina